Phlebotomy Program

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Program Info

  • Length Of Study:

    2-6 months of training; clinical externship required times vary per program (non-paid)

  • Career Level:


  • Online Type:


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The phlebotomist's role is to collect blood samples by skin puncture and other specimens from stool and urine. The integrity of these samples is essential as their use for clinical laboratory testing, blood bank donations, or research.

Phlebotomist’s process and prepare blood and other body fluid specimens for on-site testing or transportation to another laboratory after collecting specimens.

Additionally, the phlebotomist assists in registering patients, checkup provider orders, and patient laboratory test results on computer information systems. Knowledge of medical terminology, some anatomy are needed, with data entry abilities.

Length of Study

2-6 months of training; clinical externship required times vary per program (non-paid)


JumpStart coursework

Learning Outcomes

This program focuses on essential infection control, anatomy and medical terminology, and technique and safety protocols.

Students will learn

  • Identify proper vein selection, patient identification, types of collection equipment, waste disposal, and post puncture care.
  • Gain knowledge of advanced infectious disease control and biohazards.
  • Increase awareness of anticoagulation theory and knowledge of pre-analytical sources of error in specimen collection, transport, processing, and storage.
  • Identify anatomical site selection, patient preparation, risk factors, and appropriate responses to complications that may arise from phlebotomy.
  • Discuss applications of basic concepts of interpersonal relations, stress management, professional behavior and ethics, legal implications of phlebotomy, quality assurance, and legal issues related to blood collection.

Online Type


Credential Awarded


Lab Liaison Technician, Mobile Examiner, Patient Service Technician (PST), Phlebotomist, Phlebotomy Technician, Registered Phlebotomist, Certified Phlebotomist

Career Level


Student Cost

  • In support of our aim to grow the largest network of healthcare workers, Futuro Health provides generous financial support. Students enrolled in 2022 will not pay tuition for the Phlebotomy Program thanks to the Futuro Health Scholarship Fund, which supports adults who will work in this occupation.
  • Students can expect to pay some minimal out-of-pocket cost associated with the application and enrollment process. A summary of student costs are as follows:
    • $50 non-refundable registration fee for Jump Start Coursework, a mandatory pre-requisite to the Phlebotomy Program.
    • $100 non-refundable registration fee for the Phlebotomy Program; to ensure participant commitment and completion.
    • $77–$119 Background Check and Drug Screen cost. A one-time background check and drug screen is required for those enrolling in clinical programs.
    • Expenses associated with clinical externship, such as public transportation and uniforms.
    • Current immunizations are required for this program. Some healthcare providers require payment for immunizations while others may cover the cost with insurance.
  • $20 per month for optional SEIU-UHW Membership. Students have the option to join SEIU-UHW's Healthcare Justice Division to receive added benefits. This $20 monthly fee is waived for current SEIU-UHW members

Fast Facts

Job Outlook

California has a projected growth of 27% between 2018-2028, median annual salary $45,970.

Work Environment

Phlebotomists work in hospitals, doctors' offices, blood donation centers, clinics and stand-alone laboratories. There are also opportunities for employment in mobile units and home health draws.

Career Opportunities

The phlebotomist can be hired as entry level Limited Phlebotomy Technician (LPT) and later certify to a Phlebotomy Technician I and II role; growth to upskill as a Laboratory Assistant or Clinical Lab Assistant role


  • Dispose of contaminated sharps, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, and policies.
  • Organize or clean blood-drawing trays, ensuring that all instruments are sterile and all needles, syringes, or related items are of first-time use.
  • Draw blood from veins by vacuum tube, syringe, or butterfly venipuncture methods.
  • Match laboratory requisition forms to specimen tubes.
  • Dispose of blood or other biohazard fluids or tissue, in accordance with applicable laws, standards, or policies.
  • Conduct standards tests, such as blood alcohol, blood culture, oral glucose tolerance, glucose screening, blood smears, or peak and trough drug levels tests.
  • Collect specimens at specific time intervals for tests, such as those assessing therapeutic drug levels.
  • Process blood or other fluid samples for further analysis by other medical professionals.
  • Provide sample analysis results to physicians to assist diagnosis.
  • Enter patient, specimen, insurance, or billing information into the computer.
  • Document route of specimens from collection to laboratory analysis and diagnosis.
  • Draw blood from capillaries by dermal punctures, such as heel or finger stick methods.
  • Conduct hemoglobin tests to ensure donor iron levels are normal.
  • Transport specimens or fluid samples from collection sites to laboratories.
  • Collect fluid or tissue samples, using appropriate collection procedures.
  • Explain fluid or tissue collection procedures to patients.
  • Train other medical personnel in phlebotomy or laboratory techniques.
  • Perform saline flushes or dispense anticoagulant drugs, such as Heparin, through intravenous (IV) lines, in accordance with licensing restrictions and under the direction of a medical doctor.
  • Administer subcutaneous or intramuscular injects, in accordance with licensing restrictions.
  • Draw blood from arteries, using arterial collection techniques.
  • Monitor blood or plasma donors during and after procedures to ensure health, safety, and comfort.
  • Determine donor suitability, according to interview results, vital signs, and medical history.
  • Calibrate or maintain machines, such as those used for plasma collection.
  • Serve refreshments to donors to ensure absorption of sugar into their systems

Day in the Life

Phlebotomists are known for starting their days early. Your shifts may frequently change if you work at a busy hospital. You might work through the night one week and then a more 'normal' 9-5 shift the next. Many lab workers prefer to test blood from patients first thing in the morning, while they are still in a homeostatic state, before eating breakfast, exercising vigorously, or doing anything else.

Phlebotomists must have a keen eye for detail since they must identify the correct patient, medical records, and date of birth before collecting blood.


Minimum Qualifications

  • Upon acceptance to a program with Futuro Health, will you seek a job in this field for which you are being trained?
  • Are you at least 18 years old?
  • Are you able to provide proof of high school diploma/GED or equivalency?
  • Are you legally allowed to work in the United States?
  • Are you able to pass a background check with no felony conviction?
  • Are you willing to commit 3-5 hours per day (estimated at 20+ hours per week) of study time for your coursework?
  • Do you have regular access to high-speed Internet?
  • Do you have regular access to a computer or laptop that is less than seven years old?
    • NOTE: iPads and Chromebooks will not work.
  • Do you have proficiency in English fluency reading and comprehension?
  • Are you comfortable working with bodily fluids such as blood, urine, and mucus?
  • If required by your educational provider, are you willing to complete and provide proof of all immunizations and vaccinations? Please note that completing immunizations could take up to 6 months for unvaccinated individuals.

    • Phlebotomy educational providers may require the following immunizations:

      • 2 x MMR (measles, mumps & rubella) or titer immunity in the last 3 months

      • 2 x Varicella (chickenpox) or titer immunity in the last 3 months

      • 3 x Hepatitis B or titer immunity in the last 3 months

      • 2 x COVID-19 and booster prior to the start of their externship. For proof of injections there is a 3-week gap needed between the 1st and 2nd immunization and booster.

      • A PPD Mantoux test (TB), blood titer, or chest X-ray showing non-infection is required. Most often, this is not required until nearing your externship start date (typically within 6 months). This is either a one or two-step PPD Mantoux test.

  • Are you willing to take a drug test if needed?
  • Are you able to commit to the externship requirements listed below?

    • All patient care programs require full-time clinical externships in order to graduate, which may require you to:

      • Coordinate your work and family obligations, if applicable.

      • Have Monday-Friday availability up to 40 hours per week until your externship hours are fulfilled.

      • Maintain flexibility to attend externships based on available locations and external site offerings provided to you by your educational provider. Providers are not able to secure externship locations based on personal preference.

Preferred Qualifications

  • Family or friend referred by a member of SEIU-UHW who is in good standing.
  • Have a proficient level of attention to detail in written and verbal communication.